Armenian fabrics were made of cotton, wool and silk. The various motifs used in their production include traditional names. The ornamental motifs that are usually embroidered by hand, often consist of abstract or geometric designs, astral, plant and animal. They are symbolic illustrations of Armenian character, popular beliefs and especially the nature of the soil. They are as important as color and have existed since time immemorial.
The choice of colors was made according to tradition and costume. According to the testimony of the 14th century philosopher Grigor de Nareg, the colors of the 4 elements are reflected in the Armenian costumes: "the darkness of the earth, the whiteness (purity) of the water, the red of the air and the yellow fire ".
In fact, the dominant colors that are red, blue, purple, dark green and light orange come in various harmonious combinations. Red symbolizes courage, blue is heavenly justice, and white is purity. As for the "dzirani", an orange-red color (apricot color), which was the color of the coat of kings, it symbolizes wisdom.
Embroidered usually outlines the lateral opening flanges and fringes of the collar, the part of breast and hands. Men’s gowns have ornaments both in the flange of the collar and the part of breast, which symbolized for saving heart and courage. The fringes of the brides’gown were also embroidered, symbolizing the protection of the evil and providing fertilization.